Science is a thought process that is combined with data. Anything based in science is something that can be explained with reason and facts. As we learn more and more about our world and the universe as a whole, our understanding of science improves. There are many branches of science. Today, we will discuss natural science and social science.
Both these things are a part of science. But what is natural science and what is social science? What makes them different? Read on to find out!
What is Science?
Science, all sciences, the process of gaining knowledge through experimentation. Science is a methodology used to understand our world. No matter which branch of science ou study, all of them work together to prove the laws and facts of our universe. We’ll explain everything one day just as soon as our scientists figure out how it works. Everything in the universe falls under a scientific branch.
Social and natural sciences differ only in what branch of science they study.
We sometimes refer to natural sciences as hard sciences. These are subjects such as chemistry, physics, astronomy, biology, geosciences, atmospheric science, materials science, and oceanography.
These areas all study the world and how it works. Let’s take a look at some of the branches of natural science:
Chemistry is the study of matter. When you study chemistry, you learn what constitutes matter, the atoms. They get to know the atomic structure and how molecules form and connect. You learn how matter reacts and changes its state.
Geosciences is the exploration of the planet Earth. In this field soil, geology, minerals, rocks, gemstones, plate tectonics, and volcanoes are investigated. If you find the earth and its contents fascinating, then geoscience is what you’re looking for! Geo literally stands for ‘earth’, as in the ground. So, Geoscience is the study of the ground.
Keeping Up so Far?
Physics is the study of what makes up the universe and how forces interact with matter and with each other. This is where we get laws such as ‘Matter can neither be created nor destroyed.’ Physics is highly interesting and happens to be one of the most in-depth forms of science out there.
Astronomy is the study of the origin and evolution of the universe, planets, comets, stars, galaxies, celestial mechanics, red shift, blue shift and everything else that happens in space. Astronomy is an unlimited branch of science. We’ve no clue how huge our universe is. Who knows what’s still out there for us to study?
Biology is the study of living beings. How do bodies function? What is the difference between a plant and a monkey? Anything counted as alive, including plants, falls under the branch of biology. Everything to do with your body and brain can be explained with biological science. Of course, we don’t have a complete understanding of everything yet, especially the brain, but that doesn’t change the fact that science is science.
The social sciences still use the same methods as the natural sciences. Data are found and analysed. However, the main difference for the social sciences is that the social sciences are people. Social science deals more with the way people behave as well as the history and ancestry of the various races. Let’s look at some of the main branches of social science to get a better understanding:
Anthropology deals with how people interact with other people and how our cultures function.
Archaeology examines the remains of buried civilizations.
Economy is the study of money, the production of goods and the distribution of these goods.
Human geography investigates how people are distributed on Earth and how we change and manage the Earth.
Education can also be a science. People study which methods are best suited for learning.
History is the exploration of the past. Since history requires written records and everything that exists before is prehistory, history is also the study of people – people of the past.
Linguistics is the study of human language. How has the language developed? When do children learn to speak? How do we learn several languages? To what extent do the sounds and syntax differ between the languages? How does the language develop over time?